Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 1-10
Effect of Social Capital on Mitigating Transaction Uncertainty of Small Enterprises in Sri Lanka
H. M. S. Priyanath, Department of Economics and Statistics, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka
S. P. Premaratne, Department of Economics, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Received: Oct. 5, 2017;       Accepted: Oct. 16, 2017;       Published: Dec. 14, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.jbed.20180301.11      View  1099      Downloads  47
Abstract
Small Enterprises (SEs) do not have capacity to collect and evaluate information to predict future behavior of business environment on one hand and they fail to avoid the hazards from opportunism of exchange partners on the other hand due to the lack of information. SEs develop informal and personal relationships with different members of the network expecting supports in order to overcome their limitation of information. The network relationships lead to build Social Capital (SC) (values of social relationships; i.e. inter-personal trusts, relational norms, flexibility, integrity, common understand etc.) and thereby facilitate access to information which have an influence on mitigating Transaction Uncertainty (TU). Therefore, the study attempted to explore how different dimensions of SC affect the mitigation of TU of SEs in Sri Lanka. The study mainly employed the survey method to gather data using quantitative methodological approach. The data were collected from 373 SEs located in nine districts representing all Provinces in Sri Lanka, conducting face-to-face interviews with the respondents. The data were analysed using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling. The results revealed that different dimensions of SC (structural, relational and cognitive) have a significant impact on mitigating TU of SEs in Sri Lanka. Thus, the study has provided sufficient evidences to conclude that SC has a significant impact on mitigating TU of SEs. The study contributes to theoretical knowledge by synthesizing all the dimensions of SC and TU into a new framework and testing it empirically which extends the transaction cost economics in the context of SEs in Sri Lanka. The study contributes to the methodology quantifying SC of SEs using a multi-dimensional conceptual model. The study provides important insights for policy makers to focus their strategies to new direction rather than conventional supporting approaches to develop SEs.
Keywords
Small Enterprises, Social Capital, Transaction Uncertainty
To cite this article
H. M. S. Priyanath, S. P. Premaratne, Effect of Social Capital on Mitigating Transaction Uncertainty of Small Enterprises in Sri Lanka, Journal of Business and Economic Development. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.jbed.20180301.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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