Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 62-67
Household Level Gender Roles and Empowerment in a Coffee Value Chain in Gomma and Limmu Kossa Districts of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia
Bizualem Assefa Gashaw, Department of Agribusiness and Value Chain Management, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 20, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 8, 2018;       Published: Nov. 14, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jbed.20180303.11      View  101      Downloads  10
Abstract
Gender is the socially and culturally constructed differences associated with being a man or a woman. For providing the opportunity of substantial economic and income growth in a country, the growing integration of gender issues in a value chain has part. The objective of this study was to analyse intra-household gender roles and empowerment of men and women with in the household and suggesting strategies for addressing gender based constraints of farmers in a coffee value chain. Two-stage stratified and random sampling procedures were employed; and a total of 120 male headed smallholder farmers (where both men and women are present together) from six kebeles were used for intra-household gender analysis. Data were collected from both secondary and primary sources through semi-structured questionnaire, checklists, and focus group discussion. Descriptive gender analysis by Moser gender framework was used to analyse data. The result of gender analysis revealed that women’s and men’s role for coffee business in a household was divided by task. Women undertaken mostly the processing, seedling rising and unpaid community activities as an extension of their reproductive role and are normally unpaid and carried out in their free time. On the other hand, men tend to be associated more with production and marketing roles than in postharvest handling and processing activities. However, it is examined that unlike women’s overall participation in a value chain was highly acknowledged, they still tend to be confined to a relatively less access to and control over resources and benefits earned from coffee business. Therefore, gender inclusive value chain strategies paying attention on women’s empowerment and ensuring gender equality leaving women no worse off were recommended.
Keywords
Gender Analysis, Gender Role, Empowerment, Gender Based Constraint, Moser Gender Framework
To cite this article
Bizualem Assefa Gashaw, Household Level Gender Roles and Empowerment in a Coffee Value Chain in Gomma and Limmu Kossa Districts of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia, Journal of Business and Economic Development. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2018, pp. 62-67. doi: 10.11648/j.jbed.20180303.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
World Bank, 2010. Country Statistics. http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog.
[2]
FAO/WFP, 2008. Special report on crop and food supply assessment mission to Ethiopia, 24 January 2008, FAO/WFP.
[3]
Samuel Gebreselassie and Eva Ludi, 2008. Agricultural Commercialization in Coffee Growing Areas of Ethiopia.
[4]
Kaplinsky, R. and M. Morris, 2001. A handbook of value chain analysis. Working paper prepared for the IDRC. Institute for Development Studies. Brighton, UK.
[5]
Elson, D., 19. Labor markets as gendered institutions: equality, efficiency and empowerment issues. World development, 27 (3), pp. 611-627.
[6]
UNIDO, 2009. Agro-value chain analysis and development: a staff working paper, Vienna.
[7]
Anjani Kumar A, Harbir Singha, Sant Kumara and Surabhi Mittalb, 2011. Value chains of agricultural commodities and their role in food security and poverty alleviation A Synthesis. Agricultural Economics Research Review. Vol. 24 January-June 2011. pp 169-181.
[8]
Abasanbi, A. A. 2010. Assessment of coffee quality and its related problems in Jimma Zone of Oromia Regional State. MSc thesis in Agriculture (Horticulture). 141p. Jimma (Ethiopia): Jimma University.
[9]
ORG, 2003. Gomma district based development program: project document. Oromia Economic Study Project Office. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[10]
Jimma Zone Agricultural and Rural Development Office (JZARDO), 2008. Annual Report for year 2007/08, Jimma.
[11]
ARDO, 2008. Annual Report of Agriculture and Rural Development Office of Gomma district, for year 2007/2008. Agaro, Gomma.
[12]
Cochran, W. G., Sampling Techniques. Second Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. 1953-1963. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 63-7553. P206-20].
Browse journals by subject