Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 99-107
Effect of Food Security Project on Women Farmers’ Income and Employment in Fika Local Government Area of Yobe State, Nigeria: A Study of NEFSLESP
Dahiru Ibrahim Meri, Department of Economics, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Funmilola Fausat Ahmed, Department of Economics, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Shehu Usman Adam, Department of Economics, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Received: Feb. 6, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 20, 2020;       Published: May 28, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jbed.20200502.16      View  82      Downloads  63
Abstract
This study examines the effect of North East Food Security and Livelihood Emergency Support Project (NEFSLESP) on Women Farmers’ Income and Employment in Fika LGA of Yobe State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study examines the effect of the project (NEFSLESP) on women farmers’ income and employment status and effect of farm inputs on women farmers’ output in Fika LGA of Yobe State. The structured questionnaire was administered to 121 women farmers, all were duly filled and returned. The reason behind 100% return rate of the questionnaire was that the number of women beneficiaries of NEFSLESP is not large enough. This allows researchers with the help of research assistants to consult everyone of them. The study considered all population (121) of women beneficiaries in the project due to the fact that the population is not large enough to adopt any sampling technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The paired samples t-tests shows that the project had significant effects on income and employment of women farmers in the study area. The multiple regression result also revealed that cost of labour (CLAB) was the only explanatory variable that has significant effect on farm output. The study recommends that NFDP should extend its project to areas where it does not exist in order to boost income level and reduce unemployment problem among women and should redesign its project in a manner that will provide large effect on participants’ income and employment status.
Keywords
Food Security, Income, Employment
To cite this article
Dahiru Ibrahim Meri, Funmilola Fausat Ahmed, Shehu Usman Adam, Effect of Food Security Project on Women Farmers’ Income and Employment in Fika Local Government Area of Yobe State, Nigeria: A Study of NEFSLESP, Journal of Business and Economic Development. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 99-107. doi: 10.11648/j.jbed.20200502.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Abugamea, H. (2008). A Dynamic Analysis for Agricultural production Determinants in Palestine: 1980-2003. Conference on Applied Economics - ICOAE 2008.
[2]
Ahmad, K. (2012). Determinants of agriculture productivity growth in Pakistan. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 1450-2887 (95), 164-172.
[3]
Anyaele. (2006). Comprehensive economics for senior secondary schools, Lagos: A Johnson Publishers Ltd.
[4]
Anyanwu, S. (2013). Determinants of aggregate agricultural productivity among high external inputs technology farms in a harsh macroeconomic environment of Imo state, Nigeria. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 13 (5), 8238-8248.
[5]
Benjamin, A. G., Falola, A. & Gboyega A. O. (2015). Effect of agricultural programmes on the livelihood of the vulnerable group: A case study of the Fadama III programme in Kwara state, Nigeria. Acta Universitatis Sapientiae Agriculture and Environment, 7: 23-35.
[6]
Cambridge English Dictionary. (2019). https://dictionary.Cambridge.org>dictionary>English>income/employment. Accessed on 12 November, 2019.
[7]
Cohen, J. (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
[8]
Ekborn, A. (1998). Some determinants of agricultural productivity - An application of Kenyan highlands. Washington D. C. 20433 U. S. A: World Bank, African Region, Environmental group (J3-141), 1818H St.
[9]
Galadima, B. K., Mustapha, S. B., Galadima, M. K., & Bulama, Y. M. (2018). Assessment of women’s participation in crop production activities in Nguru Local Government Area of Yobe state, Nigeria, International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Research, 6 (1): 01-07.
[10]
Hussain, T., & Ishfaq, M. (1998) Dynamics of agricultural productivity and poverty in Pakistan. Centre for Management and Economic Research.
[11]
IFAD-CASP, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. (2017). Annual progress report. IFAD.
[12]
Investopedia. (2019). Income definition. https://www.investopedia.com, accessed on November 12, 2019.
[13]
Jawad, R & Wasif, S. (2014). Determinants of agricultural output in Pakistan: A Johansen Co- integration approach. Academic Research International, 5 (4): 30-46.
[14]
Kah, K. K. (2017). Boko Haram is losing but so is food production: Conflict and food insecurity in Nigeria and Cameroon, African Development, 42 (3): 177-196.
[15]
Magalane, D. P. M. (2016). Analysis of socio-economic impact of comprehensive agricultural support programme on agrarian reform farmers of sedibeng district municipality in Gauteng Province South Africa. Master of Science Thesis: University Of South Africa.
[16]
Momoh, O. Y., Akpoko, J. G., & Akinola, M. O. (2018). Impact of agricultural services and training centre project on tomato farmers’ livelihood in Plateau state, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension. 22 (1): 35-43.
[17]
Mustapha, S. B., Pur, J. T., Multafu, N. K. && Mustapha, B. (2016). Determinants of diversification of livelihood activities among rural women in Bade LGA of Yobe state, Nigeria. International Academic Journal of Social Sciences, 3 (9): 50-60.
[18]
National Bureau of Statistics, (2006). Socio-economic survey on Nigeria, Abuja: NBS.
[19]
National Fadama Development Project, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (2016). Community Action Plan (CAP) for the implementation of additional financing (Fadama III AF– II) on the North east food security and livelihood emergency support project (NESFLESP)/household plan on agricultural livelihood activities in Fika Local Government Area: NFDP.
[20]
National Population Commission (2006). Population of Fika Local Government Area: NPC.
[21]
Odhiambo, W., Nyangito, H. O., & Nzuma, J. (2004). Sources and determinants of agricultural growth and productivity in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), Discussion paper No. 34.
[22]
Okpachu A. S. (2018). Women in small and medium scale agricultural enterprises and poverty reduction in Yobe State: Logistic Regression Approach. Commentary, 15 (5): 01-06.
[23]
Omonijo, D. O., Toluwase, S. O. W., Oludayo, O. A, &Uche, O. O. C. (2014). Impacts of agricultural development programme (ADP) on rural dwellers in Nigeria: A case study of Isan-Ekiti. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics. 128: 40-55.
[24]
Onwusiribe, C. Nd., Nwaiwu, B. N. and Okpokiri, C. I. (2015). Assessment of north insurgency and performance of food dealers in Abia state, Nigeria’, Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, 15 (3): 217–224.
[25]
Sakwa, S. H. B. (2000). Voice of development: Biography of Alhaji Audu Bukar, Chairman Fika Local Government Area, Fika: Fika LG Administration.
[26]
Salih, S. A. (1994). Food Security in East and Southern Africa, Nordic Journal of African. Studies, 13 (1): 3-27.
[27]
Saranda, L., Mentor, T., Krenare, K., Hysen, B., Besnik A. K. (2017). Impact of agricultural intervention programs on income and employment: Evidence from vegetable sector in Kosovo. Ekon. Misao I PraksaDbk. God XXVI. BR. 2: 561-592.
[28]
Sikwela, M. M., and Mushunje, A. (2013). The impact of farmer support programmes on household income and sustainability in smallholder production: A case study of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu Natal farmers, South Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 8 (21): 2502-2511.
[29]
Tologbonse, E. B, Jibrin M. M, Auta, S. J. &Damisa, M. A. (2013). Factors influencing women participation in women in agriculture (WIA) programme of Kaduna state agricultural development project, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics & Extension, 1 (7): 47-54.
[30]
USAID. (2015). Nigeria – Complex Emergency, USAID.
Browse journals by subject